Historic parks and gardens in the Brecon Beacons National Park
The Brecon Beacons National Park has 17 parks and gardens of national importance. One of these, Craig-y-Nos, is open to the public and beautiful to visit in every season.
When considering historic parks and gardens, people often think of the large formal estates that surround the grand 18th century houses of the wealthy and the nobility. However, the creation of parks and gardens has a much longer history, going as far back as Roman times.
Historic parks and gardens of all ages, shapes and sizes are an important part of our heritage. Whether a large parkland surrounding a mansion, the remains of a medieval deer park or a simple cottage garden, parks and gardens help our understanding of life in the past. They were as much a part of peoples’ lives as their homes and houses, and so can shed light on the priorities and interests of the people who created, owned, used and worked them. The development and evolution of a garden over time reflects changing tastes and fashions.
These gardens are also important for wildlife. Living things are incredibly adaptable and many species have been able to adjust to life among us and our buildings.
In the 1990s, Cadw undertook a comprehensive survey of historic parks and gardens in Wales, identifying those of national importance and including them in a Register of Parks and Gardens of Special Historic Interest in Wales in order to aid their protection and conservation.
Within the Brecon Beacons National Park there are 17 parks and gardens that are registered and are of national importance, ranging in date from the 12th century to the 20th century. Most are privately owned and not publicly accessible. However, one of our Registered Parks and Gardens, Craig-y-Nos Country Park, the 40-acre grounds of the Victorian Craig-y-Nos Castle, is easily accessible and open to the public.
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